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Modelling and simulating serpentine group behaviour in crowds using modified social force model

Subramanian, GH and Choubey, N and Verma, A (2022) Modelling and simulating serpentine group behaviour in crowds using modified social force model. In: Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 604 .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physa.2022.127674


Crowd dynamics has emerged as an important topic of investigation in recent years. Several studies have been conducted to better understand the underlying factors that can influence crowd dynamics and lead to risky situations. Particularly, field studies are essential for realistically capturing the dynamics. This paper attempts to uncover one intriguing behaviour observed in the world's largest mass religious gathering Kumbh Mela-2016, held in Ujjain, India. The authors define this behaviour, where groups attempt to overtake the others in the crowd, form flexible chains, and not allow non-group members to penetrate through them, as serpentine group behaviour. This behaviour has been modelled and simulated using a modified social force model which has been developed in this work. This can aid in the development of a realistic crowd simulation model that can handle such unique crowd behaviours and help manage large crowds and ensure safe movement.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Elsevier B.V.
Keywords: Behavioral research; Dynamics, Crowd dynamics; Field studies; Flexible chains; Group behavior; Kumbh mela; Mass religious gathering; Model and simulation; Modeling and simulating; Social force models; Underlying factors, Serpentine
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Robert Bosch Centre for Cyber Physical Systems
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2022 09:18
Last Modified: 14 Jul 2022 09:18
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/74405

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