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Design and Testbed Implementation of Multiuser CFOs Estimation for MIMO SC-FDMA System

Kumar, S and Majhi, S (2022) Design and Testbed Implementation of Multiuser CFOs Estimation for MIMO SC-FDMA System. In: IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, 70 . pp. 1880-1889.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/TSP.2022.3165761


In this paper, we propose and implement blind multiuser carrier frequency offsets (CFOs) estimation for multi-input multi-output (MIMO) single carrier frequency division multiple access (SC-FDMA) uplink system using orthogonal propagator method (OPM) over a noisy frequency-selective channel. The performance of typical OPM is limited at low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) due to its noise-free signal model. The additive white Gaussian noise mainly impacts the diagonal elements of the data covariance matrix (DCM) of the received signal. First, the proposed fractional CFOs estimator minimizes the noise effect by reconstructing the denoised diagonal elements of the DCM for the received signal through cubic Hermite interpolation. Therefore, we use modified OPM to estimate multiple CFOs for MIMO SC-FDMA systems. Second, we have used an iterative method based on the first-order Taylor series approximation of the CFO vector to avoid peak ambiguity and reduce the number of iterations required in the grid search. The mean square error of the proposed CFO estimator considerably improves compared with the existing methods at a low SNR regime. The bit error rate performance of the proposed method for MIMO SC-FDMA is also compared with the existing methods. Finally, the proposed estimator is validated by implementing it on radio frequency hardware testbed over an indoor propagation environment.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Keywords: Bit error rate; Channel estimation; Communication channels (information theory); Frequency allocation; Frequency division multiple access; Frequency estimation; Gaussian noise (electronic); Iterative methods; Mean square error; MIMO systems; Receiving antennas; Signal to noise ratio; Testbeds; White noise, Carrier frequency; Carrier frequency offset estimation; Covariance matrices; Frequency-division multiple access; Multi-input multi-output; Multi-input/multi-output communications; Multiple carrier frequencies; Multiple carrier frequency offset estimation; Orthogonal propagator method; Propagator method; Single carrier; Single carrier frequency division multiple access; Transmitting antenna; Uplink, Covariance matrix
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Communication Engineering
Date Deposited: 05 Jul 2022 11:59
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2022 11:59
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/74195

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