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Lightsheet optical tweezer (LOT) for optical manipulation of microscopic particles and live cells

Mondal, PP and Baro, N and Singh, A and Joshi, P and Basumatary, J (2022) Lightsheet optical tweezer (LOT) for optical manipulation of microscopic particles and live cells. In: Scientific Reports, 12 (1).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-13095-3


Optical trapping and patterning cells or microscopic particles is fascinating. We developed a light sheet-based optical tweezer to trap dielectric particles and live HeLa cells. The technique requires the generation of a tightly focussed diffraction-limited light-sheet realized by a combination of cylindrical lens and high NA objective lens. The resultant field is a focussed line (along x-axis) perpendicular to the beam propagation direction (z-axis). This is unlike traditional optical tweezers that are fundamentally point-traps and can trap one particle at a time. Several spherical beads undergoing Brownian motion in the solution are trapped by the lightsheet gradient potential, and the time (to reach trap-centre) is estimated from the video captured at 230 frames/s. High-speed imaging of beads with increasing laser power shows a steady increase in trap stiffness with a maximum of 0.00118Â pN/nm at 52.5Â mW. This is order less than the traditional point-traps, and hence may be suitable for applications requiring delicate optical forces. On the brighter side, light sheet tweezer (LOT) can simultaneously trap multiple objects with the distinct ability to manipulate them in the transverse (xy) plane via translation and rotation. However, the trapped beads displayed free movement along the light-sheet axis (x-axis), exhibiting a single degree of freedom. Furthermore, the tweezer is used to trap and pattern live HeLa cells in various shapes and structures. Subsequently, the cells were cultured for a prolonged period of time (>Â 18Â h), and cell viability was ascertained. We anticipate that LOT can be used to study constrained dynamics of microscopic particles and help understand the patterned cell growth that has implications in optical imaging, microscopy, and cell biology.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Scientific Reports
Publisher: Nature Research
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Authors.
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Instrumentation Appiled Physics
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2022 05:12
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2022 05:12
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/74111

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