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Promising New Antimalarial Combination Drugs: Garlic and Arteether in Pregnant Mice Infected with Plasmodium berghei

Govindan, VP and Purushothama, KM (2022) Promising New Antimalarial Combination Drugs: Garlic and Arteether in Pregnant Mice Infected with Plasmodium berghei. In: Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets, 22 (4).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.2174/1871526522666220110163945


Background: Antimalarial prescription remains a challenge in pregnant women because of maternal and fetal complications. Recently, garlic and α-β-arteether combination treatment in malariainfected mice conferred protection. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of these drugs during malaria in pregnancy and its safety measures. Objective: The study evaluates the efficacy of arteether and garlic combination drugs in protection against malaria-infected pregnant mice. Methods: Plasmodium berghei-infected pregnant mouse model was used to assess the combination drug efficacy and the outcome of abnormalities of the disease after drug treatment. After optimizing the dose and gestation period, maternal protection was confirmed by parasite clearance in smear and mortality observation. In addition, maternal hematological parameters, different organ histopathology, and IgG levels were documented along with the fetal and infant outcomes. Results: Arteether monotherapy resulted in spontaneous fetal abortion or resorption, while dosage optimization and garlic combination resulted in pregnancy completion and malaria protection. The derangements observed in the histoarchitecture of organs and hematological parameters caused by malaria infection revealed improvement after drug treatment, and the smear observation confirms the clearance of malaria parasite in the peripheral blood, but IgG level was maintained at the same higher level as in malaria-infected mice. Conclusion: The first report of an arteether and garlic combination demonstrating high efficacy in protecting against malaria-infected pregnant mice establishes its safety as a viable possible treatment for pregnancy-associated malaria.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets
Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Bentham Science Publishers.
Keywords: antimalarial agent; arteether; artemisinin derivative; immunoglobulin G, animal; female; garlic; human; malaria; mouse; parasitology; Plasmodium berghei; pregnancy, Animals; Antimalarials; Artemisinins; Female; Garlic; Humans; Immunoglobulin G; Malaria; Mice; Plasmodium berghei; Pregnancy
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2022 07:35
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2022 07:35
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/73970

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