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Frank's 'cubic' hexagonal phase: an intermetallic cluster compound as an example

Ranganathan, S and Singh, Alok and Tsai, AP (2002) Frank's 'cubic' hexagonal phase: an intermetallic cluster compound as an example. In: Philosophical Magazine Letters, 82 (1). pp. 13-19.

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Frank introduced in 1965 the novel idea of projection from a four-dimensional cube to recover the points of a hexagonal lattice with a special c/a ratio of $(^3 - 2^1^/^2$. This was called a cubic hexagonal crystal, as there was a similarity to the conventional cubic crystals in that directions were perpendicular to planes with the same Miller-Bravais indices. While a number of crystals in the $NiAs-Ni_2In$ family have been reported with this special axial ratio, the number of atoms in the unit cell is small. As the first example of an intermetallic cluster compound, we identify $\mu-Al_4Mn, \mu-Al_4Cr, Zn-Mg-Sm$ and a host of related intermetallics featuring a special aggregate of icosahedra as Frank's 'cubic' hexagonal phase or its variant. The metric is generated by the Friauf polyhedra and the icosahedral linkages and leads to a multimetric crystal and several interesting connections with hexagonal quasicrystals, hexagonal phases and derivative orthorhombic and lower-symmetry structures.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Philosophical Magazine Letters
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Taylor and Francis.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2006
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:28
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/7397

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