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Laser Powder Bed Fusion Additive Manufacturing of a Low-Modulus Ti-35Nb-7Zr-5Ta Alloy for Orthopedic Applications

Nadammal, N and Rajput, M and Gupta, SK and Ivanov, E and Reddy, AS and Suwas, S and Chatterjee, K (2022) Laser Powder Bed Fusion Additive Manufacturing of a Low-Modulus Ti-35Nb-7Zr-5Ta Alloy for Orthopedic Applications. In: ACS Omega, 7 (10). pp. 8506-8517.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.1c06261


Laser powder bed fusion (L-PBF) was attempted here to additively manufacture a new generation orthopedic β titanium alloy Ti-35Nb-7Zr-5Ta toward engineering patient-specific implants. Parts were fabricated using four different values of energy density (ED) input ranging from 46.6 to 54.8 J/mm3through predefined laser beam parameters from prealloyed powders. All the conditions yielded parts of >98.5% of theoretical density. X-ray microcomputed tomography analyses of the fabricated parts revealed minimal imperfections with enhanced densification at a higher ED input. X-ray diffraction analysis indicated a marginally larger d-spacing and tensile residual stress at the highest ED input that is ascribed to the steeper temperature gradients. Cellular to columnar dendritic transformation was observed at the highest ED along with an increase in the size of the solidified features indicating the synergetic effects of the temperature gradient and solidification growth rate. Density measurements indicated ≈99.5% theoretical density achieved for an ED of 50.0 J/mm3. The maximum tensile strength of ≈660 MPa was obtained at an ED of 54.8 J/mm3through the formation of the columnar dendritic substructure. High ductility ranging from 25 to 30% was observed in all the fabricated parts irrespective of ED. The assessment of cytocompatibility in vitro indicated good attachment and proliferation of osteoblasts on the fabricated samples that were similar to the cell response on commercially pure titanium, confirming the potential of the additively manufactured Ti-35Nb-7Zr-5Ta as a suitable material for biomedical applications. Taken together, these results demonstrate the feasibility of L-PBF of Ti-35Nb-7Zr-5Ta for potentially engineering patient-specific orthopedic implants.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: ACS Omega
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Authors.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 01 Jul 2022 05:58
Last Modified: 01 Jul 2022 05:58
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/73754

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