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Rbfox1 is required for myofibril development and maintaining fiber type-specific isoform expression in Drosophila muscles

Nikonova, E and Mukherjee, A and Kamble, K and Barz, C and Nongthomba, U and Spletter, ML (2022) Rbfox1 is required for myofibril development and maintaining fiber type-specific isoform expression in Drosophila muscles. In: Life Science Alliance, 5 (4).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.26508/lsa.202101342


Protein isoform transitions confer muscle fibers with distinct properties and are regulated by differential transcription and alternative splicing. RNA-binding Fox protein 1 (Rbfox1) can affect both transcript levels and splicing, and is known to contribute to normal muscle development and physiology in vertebrates, although the detailed mechanisms remain obscure. In this study, we report that Rbfox1 contributes to the generation of adult muscle diversity in Drosophila. Rbfox1 is differentially expressed among muscle fiber types, and RNAi knockdown causes a hypercontraction phenotype that leads to behavioral and eclosion defects. Misregulation of fiber type-specific gene and splice isoform expression, notably loss of an indirect flight muscle- specific isoform of Troponin-I that is critical for regulating myosin activity, leads to structural defects. We further show that Rbfox1 directly binds the 39-UTR of target transcripts, regulates the expression level of myogenic transcription factors myocyte enhancer factor 2 and Salm, and both modulates expression of and genetically interacts with the CELF family RNA-binding protein Bruno1 (Bru1). Rbfox1 and Bru1 co-regulate fiber type-specific alternative splicing of structural genes, indicating that regulatory interactions between FOX and CELF family RNA-binding proteins are conserved in fly muscle. Rbfox1 thus affects muscle development by regulating fiber type-specific splicing and expression dynamics of identity genes and structural proteins.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Life Science Alliance
Publisher: Rockefeller University Press
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Authors.
Keywords: Drosophila protein; isoprotein; Rbfox1 protein, Drosophila; RNA binding protein, animal; Drosophila; female; gene knockdown; genetics; male; metabolism; muscle fibril, Animals; Drosophila; Drosophila Proteins; Female; Gene Knockdown Techniques; Male; Myofibrils; Protein Isoforms; RNA-Binding Proteins
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Reproduction, Development & Genetics
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2022 12:00
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2022 12:00
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/73723

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