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Anomaly-Aware Adaptive Sampling for Electrical Signal Compression

Sahasranand, KR and Joseph, FC and Tyagi, H and Gurrala, G and Joglekar, A (2022) Anomaly-Aware Adaptive Sampling for Electrical Signal Compression. In: IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 13 (3). pp. 2185-2196.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/TSG.2022.3150405


Intelligent electronic devices for power systems often entail high frequency sampling of electric signals, enabled to capture anomalous signal behavior. However, in normal operation this oversampling is redundant and leads to excessive data being stored or transmitted. This gives rise to a new compression problem where the collected samples should be further subsampled and quantized based on the presence of an anomaly in the underlying signal. We propose an Anomaly-aware Compressive Sampler (ACS) which tests the signal for the presence of an anomaly in a block of samples, and subsamples in a hierarchical manner to retain the desired sampling rate. ACS has been designed keeping hardware constraints in mind, using integer operations, an appropriate bit-packing, a simple iterated delta filter, and a streaming data pipeline. We present a mathematical formulation of the problem and analyze the performance of ACS, establishing theoretically its ability to identify anomalies in the signal and adapt the sampling rate. ACS competes with the state-of-the-art algorithm for the better-behaved transmission system data from DOE/EPRI, and outperforms it significantly on real-time distribution system data recorded in our laboratory. Finally, ACS is lightweight and was implemented on an ARM processor.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Keywords: Electric power transmission; Frequency estimation; Interactive computer systems; Signal sampling; Transient analysis, Anomaly detection; Hardware; High frequency HF; Hypothesis testing; Real - Time system; Sampling rates; Signal compression; Streaming implementation.; Technological innovation, Real time systems
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Communication Engineering
Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Engineering
Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Robert Bosch Centre for Cyber Physical Systems
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2022 11:28
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2022 11:28
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/73663

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