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Tailoring nanoporous graphene via machine learning: Predicting probabilities and formation times of arbitrary nanopore shapes

Sheshanarayana, R and Govind Rajan, A (2022) Tailoring nanoporous graphene via machine learning: Predicting probabilities and formation times of arbitrary nanopore shapes. In: Journal of Chemical Physics, 156 (20).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0089469


Nanopores in graphene, a 2D material, are currently being explored for various applications, such as gas separation, water desalination, and DNA sequencing. The shapes and sizes of nanopores play a major role in determining the performance of devices made out of graphene. However, given an arbitrary nanopore shape, anticipating its creation probability and formation time is a challenging inverse problem, solving which could help develop theoretical models for nanoporous graphene and guide experiments in tailoring pore sizes/shapes. In this work, we develop a machine learning framework to predict these target variables, i.e., formation probabilities and times, based on data generated using kinetic Monte Carlo simulations and chemical graph theory. Thereby, we enable the rapid quantification of the ease of formation of a given nanopore shape in graphene via silicon-catalyzed electron-beam etching and provide an experimental handle to realize it, in practice. We use structural features such as the number of carbon atoms removed, the number of edge atoms, the diameter of the nanopore, and its shape factor, which can be readily extracted from the nanopore shape. We show that the trained models can accurately predict nanopore probabilities and formation times with R2 values on the test set of 0.97 and 0.95, respectively. Not only that, we obtain physical insight into the working of the model and discuss the role played by the various structural features in modulating nanopore formation. Overall, our work provides a solid foundation for experimental studies to manipulate nanopore sizes/shapes and for theoretical studies to consider realistic structures of nanopores in graphene.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Chemical Physics
Publisher: American Institute of Physics Inc.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the American Institute of Physics Inc.
Keywords: Desalination; Etching; Forecasting; Gene encoding; Graph theory; Graphene; Intelligent systems; Inverse problems; Machine learning; Monte Carlo methods; Pore size; Water filtration, DNA Sequencing; Formation time; Gas separations; Inverse problem solving; Nano-porous; Performance of devices; Shape and size; Structural feature; Theoretical modeling; Water desalination, Nanopores
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2022 10:17
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2022 10:17
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/73632

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