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Parameter estimation of a moving acoustic source: Linear chirplet transform vs WVD

Pelluri, Sai Gunaranjan and Sreenivas, TV (2017) Parameter estimation of a moving acoustic source: Linear chirplet transform vs WVD. In: 23rd National Conference on Communications, NCC 2017, 02-04 March 2017, Chennai, India, pp. 1-6.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/NCC.2017.8077119


Doppler effect manifests in the form of changing instantaneous frequency (IF) of the received signal of a moving acoustic source. Several parameters characterizing a moving source are inherently embedded in the received IF. Thus, a careful analysis of the IF is required to obtain the source motion parameters. In this paper, we show how the IF captures the source information, such as speed, closest distance of approach, transmitted frequency and cross-over time, when a source moves along a linear path with a constant velocity. In such a scenario, the received IF is a non-linear function of time. Conventional approaches involve estimating the non-linear IF and then obtaining the source parameters by solving a non-linear least squares problem which is computationally very expensive. However, in this work, we show that the IF can be modeled by a linear function around the cross-over instant. We then estimate the source parameters using the slope and axis intercepts of the linear IF. In this regard, we use two time-varying signal analysis approaches to estimate IF namely the linear chirplet transform (LCT) and the Wigner-Ville distribution (WVD). We compare the performance of these two techniques in estimating the source parameters and show that the LCT is a better tool to estimate linear frequency modulations than the WVD.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Additional Information: The Copyright of this article belongs to the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Keywords: Doppler effect; IF; LCT; WVD; Acoustic noise measurement; Acoustics; Chirp modulation; Doppler effect; Functions; Mathematical transformations; Wigner-Ville distribution; Conventional approach; Instantaneous frequency; Linear frequency modulation; Moving acoustic sources; Nonlinear least squares problems; Parameters characterizing; Time varying signal; WignerVille distribution (WVD); Parameter estimation
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Communication Engineering
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2022 06:30
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2022 06:30
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/73311

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