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Local adaptation strategies in semi-arid regions: study of two villages in Karnataka, India

Kattumuri, Ruth and Ravindranath, Darshini and Esteves, Tashina (2017) Local adaptation strategies in semi-arid regions: study of two villages in Karnataka, India. In: Climate and Development, 9 (1). pp. 36-49. ISSN 1756-5529

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/17565529.2015.1067179


Rural people in India, particularly farmers, are exposed to climate variability and risk, which is likely to increase due to climate change. This study assessed current adaptation strategies adopted by rural households in two dryland villages of Bagepalli Block, Chikballapur district, Karnataka, in southern India. The adequacy of adaptation strategies was also assessed. The study showed that rural households, and farmers in particular, adopted several practices to cope with current climate risks which include irrigation provisioning (depending on groundwater), shifting cropping pattern (to more resilient but low economically valued crops and varieties), mixed cropping, agroforestry (as a long-term strategy), diversified livestock holdings, and reliance on government development programmes. The adaptation measures also included leaving croplands fallow, sale of assets such as livestock and trees, and migration. Current climate-related responses to agricultural distress are not adequate to cope with even existing climate risks. This further indicates that rural households may not be able to cope with increasing climate variability and climate change. Thus, there is an urgent need to better understand current adaptation strategies and to enhance resilience, and to develop structured adaptation strategies to cope with the risks associated with current and long-term climate change.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Climate and Development
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Ltd.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Taylor and Francis Ltd.
Keywords: adaptation; climate resilience; climate variability; dryland agriculture; India
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Sustainable Technologies (formerly ASTRA)
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2022 06:07
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2022 06:07
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/73041

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