ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Epigenetics of epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) in cancer

Kavya Satheesh, K S and Rani, Harsha and Jolly, Mohit Kumar and Mahadevan, Vijayalakshmi (2021) Epigenetics of epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) in cancer. [Book Chapter]

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-85652-2.00001-4


Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) is an evolutionarily conserved developmental program that confers metastatic properties to cancer cells through the transformation of cells from the nonmotile and polarised epithelial state to a motile, nonpolarised mesenchymal state. EMT can impart higher invasion, stemness, and drug resistance to tumor cells and is usually involved in cancer cell dissemination. Its reverse—Mesenchymal to Epithelial Transition (MET) is often implicated in colonization—the last step of the metastatic cascade. Though several mechanisms of EMT induction and their phenotypic outcomes are well established, the dynamic reprogramming of the epigenome during EMT and/or MET and their influence on metastasis and drug resistance remains to be explored. This chapter will address several layers of epigenetic mechanisms such as DNA methylation, histone modifications, and their cross-talk that govern EMT and/or MET processes. The histone code regulating the activity of various EMT-associated transcription factors such as ZEB1, SNAIL, SLUG, TWIST1, and various MET-associated transcription factors such as GRHL2, as well as genome and epigenome-wide studies that have captured epigenetic signaling during EMT, would be presented. The rewiring of the epigenome during metabolic reprogramming and consequent EMT induction would be reviewed. The chapter will also highlight the role of epigenetic rewiring in mediating the reversibility (or lack thereof, i.e., irreversibility) of EMT/MET and the consequences of such changes during metastasis.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Publisher: Elsevier
Additional Information: The Copyright of this article belongs to the Elsevier
Keywords: EMT process; GRHL2; MET process; Metastasis; Methylation; Transcription factor
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Centre for Biosystems Science and Engineering
Date Deposited: 23 May 2022 06:46
Last Modified: 23 May 2022 06:46
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/72447

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item