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Modification of bacterial cell membrane dynamics and morphology upon exposure to sub inhibitory concentrations of ciprofloxacin

Ponmalar, Ilanila Ilangumaran and Swain, Jitendriya and Basu, Jaydeep K (2022) Modification of bacterial cell membrane dynamics and morphology upon exposure to sub inhibitory concentrations of ciprofloxacin. In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes, 1864 (8). ISSN 00052736

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbamem.2022.183935


Ciprofloxacin (CPX), a second generation fluoroquinolone antibiotic, is used as a primary antibiotic for treatment against gastroenteritis, drug-resistant tuberculosis, and malignant otitis externa. CPX is a broad spectrum antibiotic that targets the DNA gyrase of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Irrational and improper usage of CPX results in emergence of CPX resistant organisms emphasizing the importance of using lethal doses of CPX. Here, we have systematically analysed the effect of CPX at sub lethal concentrations on live E. coli membrane and growth dynamics. As a result of CPX interaction at sub-lethal concentrations, we detected filamentation of the bacterial cells during cell division. Although CPX is a DNA targeting antibiotic and did not result in considerable increase of live E. coli cell surface roughness, we observed significant enhancement in the lipid diffusion coefficients possibly due to disrupted lipid packing or altered lipid composition. Interestingly, we seem to observe slightly higher extent of lipid diffusion alteration when bacterial inner membrane specific label FM4-64 was used in comparison to the non-specific membrane dye. Both these results are contrary to that observed in bacterial cells for colistin, a membrane targeting antibiotics. Our work highlights the need for using multiple, complementary surface and depth sensitive techniques to obtain information on the realistic nature of bacterial cell membrane remodelling due to non-membrane targeting antibiotics. Our work could have implications for identification of potential biomembrane markers at sub-lethal concentrations even for antibiotics which are non-membrane targeting that could help in unravelling pathways for emergence of antimicrobial resistance.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Additional Information: The copyright of this aticle belongs to the Elsevier B.V.
Keywords: AFM; Ciprofloxacin; FCS; Lipid dynamics
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Centre for Biosystems Science and Engineering
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 20 May 2022 11:50
Last Modified: 20 May 2022 11:50
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/72317

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