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Biomaterialomics: Data science-driven pathways to develop fourth-generation biomaterials

Basu, B and Gowtham, NH and Xiao, Y and Kalidindi, SR and Leong, KW (2022) Biomaterialomics: Data science-driven pathways to develop fourth-generation biomaterials. In: Acta Biomaterialia, 143 . pp. 1-25.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actbio.2022.02.027


Conventional approaches to developing biomaterials and implants require intuitive tailoring of manufacturing protocols and biocompatibility assessment. This leads to longer development cycles, and high costs. To meet existing and unmet clinical needs, it is critical to accelerate the production of implantable biomaterials, implants and biomedical devices. Building on the Materials Genome Initiative, we define the concept ‘biomaterialomics’ as the integration of multi-omics data and high-dimensional analysis with artificial intelligence (AI) tools throughout the entire pipeline of biomaterials development. The Data Science-driven approach is envisioned to bring together on a single platform, the computational tools, databases, experimental methods, machine learning, and advanced manufacturing (e.g., 3D printing) to develop the fourth-generation biomaterials and implants, whose clinical performance will be predicted using ‘digital twins’. While analysing the key elements of the concept of ‘biomaterialomics’, significant emphasis has been put forward to effectively utilize high-throughput biocompatibility data together with multiscale physics-based models, E-platform/online databases of clinical studies, data science approaches, including metadata management, AI/ Machine Learning (ML) algorithms and uncertainty predictions. Such integrated formulation will allow one to adopt cross-disciplinary approaches to establish processing-structure-property (PSP) linkages. A few published studies from the lead author's research group serve as representative examples to illustrate the formulation and relevance of the ‘Biomaterialomics’ approaches for three emerging research themes, i.e. patient-specific implants, additive manufacturing, and bioelectronic medicine. The increased adaptability of AI/ML tools in biomaterials science along with the training of the next generation researchers in data science are strongly recommended. Statement of significance: This leading opinion review paper emphasizes the need to integrate the concepts and algorithms of the data science with biomaterials science. Also, this paper emphasizes the need to establish a mathematically rigorous cross-disciplinary framework that will allow a systematic quantitative exploration and curation of critical biomaterials knowledge needed to drive objectively the innovation efforts within a suitable uncertainty quantification framework, as embodied in ‘biomaterialomics’ concept, which integrates multi-omics data and high-dimensional analysis with artificial intelligence (AI) tools, like machine learning. The formulation of this approach has been demonstrated for patient-specific implants, additive manufacturing, and bioelectronic medicine. © 2022 Acta Materialia Inc.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Acta Biomaterialia
Publisher: Acta Materialia Inc
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Acta Materialia Inc
Keywords: Additives; Biocompatibility; Data Science; Digital storage; Industrial research; Information management; Machine learning; Metadata; Uncertainty analysis, 'omics'; Artificial intelligence tools; Conventional approach; Development cycle; Dimensional analysis; Fourth generation; High-dimensional; Higher-dimensional; Manufacturing protocol; Patient specific, 3D printers
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 18 May 2022 10:31
Last Modified: 18 May 2022 10:31
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/71852

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