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A comprehensive high-resolution gridded emission inventory of anthropogenic sources of air pollutants in Indian megacity Kolkata

Mangaraj, P and Sahu, SK and Beig, G and Yadav, R (2022) A comprehensive high-resolution gridded emission inventory of anthropogenic sources of air pollutants in Indian megacity Kolkata. In: SN Applied Sciences, 4 (4).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42452-022-05001-3


Abstract: In this study, we present a first-ever effort made to develop an ultra-high-resolution gridded emission inventory (i.e. ~ 0.4 km � ~ 0.4 km) for the Indian megacity Kolkata. As the rising demand for fossil fuels based energy along with the spread of urban corridors have forced the anthropogenic activities to a mounting level, therefore determining the sources responsible is of paramount importance. This has worsened not only the regional air quality but also has an indirect effect on the global air quality. The spatial and temporal variation of the source requires an accurate estimation of the surface emission which is the most essential parameter to study the air quality, that positively has been fulfilled in this study. The annual emission for 2020 is calculated to be 37.2 Gg/yr of PM2.5, 61.4 Gg/yr of PM10, 222.6 Gg/yr of CO, 131.3 Gg/yr of NOx, 60.3 Gg/yr of SO2, 120.4 Gg/yr of VOC, 9.5 Gg/yr of BC and 16.8 Gg/yr of OC that prevails in the toxic air of megacity Kolkata. The present surface chemistry dataset will be the first line of detailed information regarding emission hotspots in the megacity that could be used as important tool for clean air mitigation strategies, input into the air quality modeling study to tackle environmental issues, and public health. Article Highlights: Identification of sources of pollutants through spatially resolved high-resolution inventory in megacity Kolkata.Unlike transport and industrial sector, municipal solid waste burning has emerged as another big source.Present information is vital for policy making to mitigate air quality issues and modeling studies. © 2022, The Author(s).

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: SN Applied Sciences
Publisher: Springer Nature
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to authors.
Keywords: Abstracting; Fossil fuels; Municipal solid waste; Surface chemistry, Air pollutants; Anthropogenic activity; Anthropogenic sources; Emission inventories; Energy; High resolution; Megacities; Modelling studies; Ultrahigh resolution; Urban corridors, Air quality
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Earth Sciences
Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Interdisciplinary Centre for Energy Research
Date Deposited: 17 May 2022 10:22
Last Modified: 17 May 2022 10:22
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/71771

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