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Sustainable Bioeconomy prospects of diatom biorefineries in the Indian west coast

Ramachandra, TV and Saranya, G (2022) Sustainable Bioeconomy prospects of diatom biorefineries in the Indian west coast. In: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 161 .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2022.112399


The rapidly depleting fossil fuel reserves with rising greenhouse gas levels (GHGs) in the atmosphere necessitate exploring alternate sustainable energy options. Biofuels from microalgae are emerging as a viable renewable energy resource owing to their inherent characteristics of higher biomass and lipid yield per hectare compared to other terrestrial bioenergy feedstocks. In this context, the present communication highlights the prospects of microalgal biofuel and other value-added products produced in a decentralized microalgal biorefinery in the flood plains (gazani lands) of the west coast of India. The spatial extent of potential sites for diatom cultivation estimated in three districts along the Indian west coast was 1940 ha. The opportunities for establishing biorefineries using diatoms as renewable bioenergy feedstocks were investigated through species prioritization, seasonal availability, tolerance, and biochemical composition analyses. Nitzschia and Amphora sp. were prioritized for lab-scale productivity studies based on their tolerance and macromolecular composition. When cultivated in a prototype biofilms-based bioreactor designed using gravel stones as substrates, Amphora sp. Yielded 16 times more productivity (0.56 g L− 1 ) than conventional shake flask cultures. Design of a diatom biorefinery and its mass budgeting considering 100 kg dry biomass yielded ~15–24 kg of biodiesel. Techno-economic assessment of biodiesel with value-added products of glycerol, biogas, and biofertilizer demonstrated a biodiesel production cost of 30.08–59.52 INR/kg of biodiesel. Harvesting cost in a hybrid mode using mechanized scrubbers and manual labour was estimated as 20 INR/kg of biomass.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier Ltd
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Center for Infrastructure, Sustainable Transportation and Urban Planning (CiSTUP)
Date Deposited: 17 May 2022 06:02
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2022 04:49
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/71742

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