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Characteristics of Mortars and Masonry Using Granulated Blast Furnace Slag as Fine Aggregate

Venkataramu, V and Venkatarama Reddy, BV (2022) Characteristics of Mortars and Masonry Using Granulated Blast Furnace Slag as Fine Aggregate. In: Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 34 (5).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0004204


There is a scarcity of natural river sand due to the ban on mining of sand from riverbeds, attributed to environmental and ecological issues. Therefore, there are attempts to use nonorganic solid wastes and industrial by-products as sand substitutes. The paper reports experimental studies on the suitability of processed granulated blast furnace slag (PGBS) as fine aggregate in the mortars used in masonry construction. The physical and chemical characteristics of the PGBS and the properties of mortars made with PGBS, such as workability, compressive strength, water retentivity, drying shrinkage, and elastic properties, were examined. The masonry properties such as compressive strength, flexure bond strength, and stress-strain characteristics were investigated using PGBS- and sand-based mortars. The investigations show that PGBS can be a potential substitute to river sand in the masonry application. The addition of PGBS was beneficial in terms of mortar and masonry characteristics. In the case of lean mortars, the addition of PGBS showed 30 to 45 spike in compressive strength. Thermogravimetry was used to quantify hydration products formed in PGBS-based and river sand-based mortars. The experimental outcomes indicate that (1) the physical and chemical properties of PGBS were similar to those of river sand except that the PGBS may show mild pozzolanic activity and higher water absorption; and (2) the masonry compressive strength increased by �22, and the flexure bond strength nearly doubled when PGBS-based mortars were used. © 2022 American Society of Civil Engineers.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering
Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Keywords: Aggregates; Blast furnaces; Bond strength (materials); Compressive strength; Hydration; Mortar; Rivers; Sand; Shrinkage; Thermogravimetric analysis; Water absorption, Bond strength of mortar; Fine aggregates; Flexure bond strength; Granulated blast furnace slag; Granulated blast-furnace slags; Masonry mortars; Natural river; Property; River sands; Thermogravimetric analyse, Slags
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Sustainable Technologies (formerly ASTRA)
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 11 May 2022 16:21
Last Modified: 11 May 2022 16:21
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/71617

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