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Efficiency of Entrepreneurial Universities in India: A Data Envelopment Analysis

Loganathan, M and Subrahmanya, MHB (2022) Efficiency of Entrepreneurial Universities in India: A Data Envelopment Analysis. In: Journal of the Knowledge Economy .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13132-022-00897-z


High expectations are placed on universities to deliver well beyond their traditional outcomes (graduation and research) and support societal outcomes as their third mission and beyond. Yet, we see a dearth of performance measurements and research comparing universities considering the third mission outcomes, particularly around entrepreneurship support. To address this need, we rely on the ambidexterity perspective and use a slack-based data envelopment analysis (DEA) to compare efficiencies of 28 Indian universities in delivering entrepreneurship support alongside their traditional outcomes. The contribution of the study is two-fold. Firstly, we rate and compare the universities and identify the orientations towards particular mission outcomes of graduation, research, and entrepreneurship support. From our analysis, we find that fully efficient universities were only a few and were performing well across all the three outcomes. Secondly, we then use orientation and efficiency as a way to measure extent to which the universities can pursue third mission outcomes given their history. We note a path dependence among private universities that have mostly developed with a graduation orientation, to shift to entrepreneurship support without a research base. The study also comments on improving the existing national university ranking mechanisms that use subjective weights and does not consider the scale and orientation of the universities. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of the Knowledge Economy
Publisher: Springer
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Springer
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Management Studies
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2022 10:25
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2022 10:25
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/71470

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