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Estimation of glacier stored water in the Bhaga basin using laminar flow and volume-area scaling methods

Gopika, JS and Kulkarni, AV and Prasad, V and Srinivasalu, P and Raman, A (2021) Estimation of glacier stored water in the Bhaga basin using laminar flow and volume-area scaling methods. In: Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment, 24 .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rsase.2021.100656


Reliable estimates of glacier stored water are necessary for water resources management of Himalayan rivers. Extreme climate and rugged Himalayan terrain make it challenging to apply field methods. Therefore, the investigation used a technique based on glacier surface velocity, slope, and laminar flow law. We have estimated the stored water of 319 glaciers covering 320 ± 16 km2 area in the Bhaga basin. Glacier surface velocity and thickness of 64 glaciers are estimated using an open-source COSI-Corr and automated Himalayan Glacier Thickness Mapper (HIGTHIM) tool. The average surface velocity is calculated as 8 ± 0.06 myr�1, and the mean glacier ice thickness ranges from 28 ± 3.8 to 82 ± 11.2 m. We developed a new Volume-Area scaling relationship based on the estimates from the HIGTHIM tool in this work. The volume of the remaining 255 glaciers of the basin is estimated using this scaling relation. The total glacier stored water of Bhaga glaciers is estimated as 15 ± 2.8 Gt. The technique provides better estimates of glacier stored water, providing primary input for further hydrological investigations in the Bhaga basin. © 2021 Elsevier B.V.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier B.V.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Divecha Centre for Climate Change
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2022 06:12
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2022 06:12
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/71043

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