ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Emerging role and function of miR-198 in human health and diseases

Kaushik, P and Kumar, A (2022) Emerging role and function of miR-198 in human health and diseases. In: Pathology Research and Practice, 229 .

[img] PDF
pat_res_pra_229_2022.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (2MB) | Request a copy
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prp.2021.153741


Ever since their discovery, microRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) have astonished us by the plethora of processes they regulate, and thus adding another dimension to the gene regulation. They have been implicated in several diseases affecting cardiovascular, neurodegenerative, hepatic, autoimmune and inflammatory functions. A primate specific exonic miRNA, miR-198 has been vastly studied during the past decade, and shown to have a critical role in wound healing. The aberrant expression of miR-198 was first reported in schizophrenia, linking it to neural development. Later, its dysregulation and tumor suppressive role was reported in hepatocellular carcinoma. However, this was just a beginning, and after which there was an explosion of reports linking miR-198 deregulation to cancers and other ailments. The first target to be identified for miR-198 was Cyclin T1 in monocytes affecting HIV1 replication. Depending on the type of cancer, miR-198 has been shown to function either as a tumor suppressor or an oncomir. Interestingly, miR-198 is not only known to regulate multiple targets and pathways, but also is itself regulated by several circular RNAs and long-non-coding RNAs, highlighting a complex regulatory network. This review highlights the currently understood mechanism and regulation of miR-198 in different diseases, and its possible diagnostic and therapeutic potential. © 2021 Elsevier GmbH

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Pathology Research and Practice
Publisher: Elsevier GmbH
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier GmbH.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Reproduction, Development & Genetics
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2022 06:30
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2022 06:30
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/70889

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item