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Solvent-Free Conductive Coatings Containing Chemically Coupled Particles for Functional Textiles

Jagadeshvaran, PL and Panwar, K and Ramakrishnan, I and Bose, S (2021) Solvent-Free Conductive Coatings Containing Chemically Coupled Particles for Functional Textiles. In: ACS Applied Electronic Materials .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsaelm.1c00874


The surge in the usage of wireless electronics and communication devices has engendered a different form of pollution, viz. electromagnetic (EM) pollution, and yet another serious issue, EM interference (EMI). There is a legitimate need to develop strategies and materials to combat this issue, otherwise leading to dreadful consequences. Functional textiles have emerged as the modern materials to help attenuate EM waves due to the numerous advantages-flexibility being the most important. In addition to this, there is an inherent advantage of multiple interfaces in coated fabrics that can engender significant attenuation. Herein, we report a coating having multifunctional properties-capable of blocking both UV and EM radiation (predominantly of the microwave frequencies) with flame-retarding properties. The layer described here comprises iron titanate (FT) synthesized from its sustainable precursor-ilmenite sand and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) dispersed in waterborne polyurethane. It is worth noting that FT's use as a multifunctional material is being reported for the first time. It was observed that a single layer of coated fabric shows an EMI shielding effectiveness of -40 dB translating to 99.99 attenuation and similarly a UV blocking of 99.99 in the wavelength range from 200 to 400 nm. The microwave shielding properties of the fabric were demonstrated using a Bluetooth module, where the coated fabric was able to block the incoming Bluetooth signals to the module from a mobile phone. Besides, the coated fabrics exhibited phenomenal enhancement in thermal stability-a 5 increase in the limiting oxygen index was observed upon the application of the coating. Such exceptional properties tend to complement cotton fabrics' existing utility, thereby extending their use to specialty applications. © 2021 American Chemical Society.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: ACS Applied Electronic Materials
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to American Chemical Society
Keywords: Cotton; Cotton fabrics; Electromagnetic shielding; Iron compounds; Polyurethanes; Protective coatings; Yarn, Coated fabrics; Electromagnetics; EM interference shielding; EM interferences; Interference shielding; Iron titanate; Multifunctional coatings; Property; UV blocking; Waterborne Polyurethane, Carbon nanotubes
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2022 05:24
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2022 05:24
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/70853

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