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Cost-Effective Sharing of Streaming Dataflows for IoT Applications

Chaturvedi, S and Tyagi, S and Simmhan, Y (2021) Cost-Effective Sharing of Streaming Dataflows for IoT Applications. In: IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing, 9 (4). pp. 1391-1407.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/TCC.2019.2921371


Internet of Things (IoT) applications are often designed as dataflows that analyze sensor data in real-time to make decisions. Stream processing systems like Apache Storm execute these on Cloud infrastructure. As IoT applications within shared data environments like smart cities grow, they will duplicate tasks like pre-processing and analytics. This offers the opportunity to collaboratively reuse the outputs of overlapping dataflows, improving the resource efficiency on Clouds. We propose dataflow reuse algorithms that when given a submitted dataflow, identify the intersection of reusable tasks and streams from existing dataflows to form a merged dataflow, with guaranteed equivalence of their output streams. Algorithms to unmerge dataflows when they are removed, and defragment partially reused dataflows are also proposed. We implement these algorithms for the Storm fast-data platform, and validate their performance and resource savings using 86 real and synthetic dataflows from eScience and IoT domains. Our reuse strategies reduce the number of running tasks by 34-45 percent and the cumulative CPU usage by 29-63 percent. Including defragmentation of incremental dataflows achieves a monetary savings on Cloud resources of 36-44 percent compared to dataflows without reuse, and has limited redeployment overheads. © 2013 IEEE.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Keywords: Cost effectiveness; Data flow analysis; Data handling; Distributed parameter control systems; Storms, Cloud elasticities; Cost effective; Dataflow; Dataflow reuse; Distributed stream processing; Fast data; Real- time; Reuse; Sensors data; Stream processing systems, Internet of things
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Computational and Data Sciences
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2022 05:28
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2022 05:28
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/70850

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