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Thermal annealing induced changes in structural, linear and nonlinear optical properties of Bi7In28Se65 films for nonlinear applications

Priyadarshini, P and Das, S and Alagarasan, D and Ganesan, R and Varadharajaperumal, S and Naik, R (2021) Thermal annealing induced changes in structural, linear and nonlinear optical properties of Bi7In28Se65 films for nonlinear applications. In: Optical Materials .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optmat.2021.111801


This work reports the effect of thermal annealing (350 °C and 450 °C) on structural, linear and non-linear optical properties of thermally evaporated Bi7In28Se65 chalcogenide films of �800 nm thickness. The surface structure and elemental concentration were analyzed by the Field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) and Energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX). Based on the structural analysis, the 450 °C annealed film showed complete crystallinity whereas 350 °C annealed film showed less crystalline nature without much structural alterations from the as-prepared film which is mostly rhombohedral in nature. The Raman study showed the alteration on bonding in 450 °C annealed film than the as-prepared and 350 °C annealed films. The optical analysis by UV�Vis spectroscopy showed the decrease in transmittance and an increase in absorbance property with annealing. The direct bandgap and Tauc parameter decreased with annealing. Correspondingly, the refractive index increased along with other optical parameters such as lattice dielectric constant (εL), optical density (OD), skin depth (δ), real and imaginary dielectric constant (εr and εi), loss factor, volume energy loss function (VELF) and surface energy loss function (SELF) with annealing temperatures. The static linear refractive index (n0) for the studied films showed an incremental behavior with annealing and satisfied Moss's rule. Such annealing induced higher absorption coefficient (α) and bandgap (Eg) along with other optical constants of the annealed films showed the possibility to be useful for solar cell, opto-electronic and nonlinear device applications. © 2021 Elsevier B.V.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Optical Materials
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier B.V.
Keywords: Annealing; Bismuth compounds; Crystallinity; Energy dispersive X ray analysis; Energy dissipation; Energy gap; Film preparation; Indium compounds; Nonlinear optics; Optical lattices; Refractive index; Scanning electron microscopy; Structural properties; Thin films; X ray diffraction analysis, Annealed films; Cristallinity; Crystallinity: optical property; Linear and nonlinear optical properties; Linear susceptibility; Non linear; Non-linear susceptibility; Nonlinear applications; Nonlinear optical properties; Thermal-annealing, Selenium compounds
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Centre for Nano Science and Engineering
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2021 11:39
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2021 11:39
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/70768

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