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Protein conformational dynamics and phenotypic switching

Kulkarni, P and Achuthan, S and Bhattacharya, S and Jolly, MK and Kotnala, S and Leite, VBP and Mohanty, A and Orban, J and Roy, S and Rangarajan, G and Salgia, R (2021) Protein conformational dynamics and phenotypic switching. In: Biophysical Reviews .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12551-021-00858-x


Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) are proteins that lack rigid 3D structure but exist as conformational ensembles. Because of their structural plasticity, they can interact with multiple partners. The protein interactions between IDPs and their partners form scale-free protein interaction networks (PINs) that facilitate information flow in the cell. Because of their plasticity, IDPs typically occupy hub positions in cellular PINs. Furthermore, their conformational dynamics and propensity for post-translational modifications contribute to �conformational� noise which is distinct from the well-recognized transcriptional noise. Therefore, upregulation of IDPs in response to a specific input, such as stress, contributes to increased noise and, hence, an increase in stochastic, �promiscuous� interactions. These interactions lead to activation of latent pathways or can induce �rewiring� of the PIN to yield an optimal output underscoring the critical role of IDPs in regulating information flow. We have used PAGE4, a highly intrinsically disordered stress-response protein as a paradigm. Employing a variety of experimental and computational techniques, we have elucidated the role of PAGE4 in phenotypic switching of prostate cancer cells at a systems level. These cumulative studies over the past decade provide a conceptual framework to better understand how IDP conformational dynamics and conformational noise might facilitate cellular decision-making. © 2021, International Union for Pure and Applied Biophysics (IUPAB) and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Biophysical Reviews
Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Centre for Biosystems Science and Engineering
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Mathematics
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2021 11:38
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2021 11:38
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/70758

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