ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Enhanced in Vitro Wound Healing Using PVA/B-PEI Nanofiber Mats: A Promising Wound Therapeutic Agent against ESKAPE and Opportunistic Pathogens

Mary, AS and Raghavan, VS and Kagula, S and Krishnakumar, V and Kannan, M and Gorthi, SS and Rajaram, K (2021) Enhanced in Vitro Wound Healing Using PVA/B-PEI Nanofiber Mats: A Promising Wound Therapeutic Agent against ESKAPE and Opportunistic Pathogens. In: ACS Applied Bio Materials .

[img] PDF
acs_app_bio_mat_2021.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (7MB) | Request a copy
[img] PDF
mt1c00985_si_001.pdf - Published Supplemental Material
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (307kB) | Request a copy
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsabm.1c00985


Opportunistic skin pathogens and their resistance to pre-existing therapeutics are a challenge to normal physiological wound healing processes. Consistent development of antimicrobial agents is required to overcome the complications raised by antimicrobial resistance. An effective alternative proposed in recent research includes the use of antimicrobial nanoparticles or nanobiopolymers. Unfortunately, metallic nanoparticles that have been proven as antimicrobial agents also possess a certain level of toxicity. In this work, we demonstrate the use of a cationic polymer, branched polyethyleneimine (B-PEI), that has been electrospun to obtain a scaffold/fiber (B-PEI NF) mat resulting in a large surface area-to-volume ratio. SEM analysis revealed that the average diameter of the obtained fibers is 240 nm. The formation of nanoscaffold modulates the controlled release of the polymer from the matrix resulting in long-term effects. The antimicrobial and antibiofilm activity of the B-PEI nanofiber (B-PEI NF) was evaluated against ESKAPE pathogens (Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus) and also against Candida albicans. Dose-dependent inhibition was observed for microbial growth and biofilm for all three test organisms, the minimum inhibitory concentration required for inhibiting P. aeruginosa, S. aureus, and C. albicans is 33.125, 26.5, and 19.875 μM, respectively, in 2 mL of bacterial/fungal broth. Crystal violet and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assays showed significant reduction in biomass and cell viability of sessile cells, respectively, within the biofilm after treatment using B-PEI NFs. A B-PEI NF matrix promotes cell migration and wound healing processes by mimicking the extracellular matrix. In vitro wound healing studies showed a fivefold increase in cell migration and wound healing by B-PEI NFs (97 wound coverage in 17 h) when compared to B-PEI (15 wound coverage in 17 h). The in vitro wound healing assays confirmed the biocompatibility and better wound healing activity of B-PEI NF mats. © 2021 American Chemical Society.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: ACS Applied Bio Materials
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to American Chemical Society
Keywords: Antimicrobial agents; Bacteria; Biocompatibility; Cells; Cytology; Nanofibers; Nanoparticles; Pathogens, Antimicrobial polymers; Cell migration; ESKAPE pathogen; In-vitro; matrix; Nanofiber mats; Poly(ethyleneimine); Therapeutic agents; Wound healing; Wound healing process, Biofilms
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Instrumentation Appiled Physics
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2021 11:33
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2021 11:33
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/70738

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item