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BODIPY-Ruthenium(II) Bis-Terpyridine Complexes for Cellular Imaging and Type-I/-II Photodynamic Therapy

Paul, S and Kundu, P and Kondaiah, P and Chakravarty, AR (2021) BODIPY-Ruthenium(II) Bis-Terpyridine Complexes for Cellular Imaging and Type-I/-II Photodynamic Therapy. In: Inorganic Chemistry .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.1c01850


A series of multichromophoric ruthenium(II) complexes with the formulation Ru(tpy-BODIPY)(tpy-R)Cl2 (1-4), having a heteroleptic Ru(II)-bis-tpy (tpy = 4�-phenyl-2,2�:6�,2�-terpyridine) moiety covalently linked to a boron-dipyrromethene (BODIPY) pendant, have been prepared and characterized and their application as a phototherapeutic and photodetection agent in cancer therapy has been explored. Ligand L1 with a terpyridine-BODIPY moiety and complex 1 as its PF6 salt (1a) have been structurally characterized by a single-crystal X-ray diffraction study. Complex 1a has a distorted-octahedral RuN6 core with a Ru(II)-bis-terpyridine unit that is covalently linked to one photoactive BODIPY unit. The complexes exhibit strong absorbance near 502 nm (ϵ � (3.7-7.8) � 104 M-1 cm-1) and high singlet oxygen sensitization ability, giving singlet oxygen quantum yield (�?) values ranging from 0.57 to 0.75 in DMSO. An emission-based study using complex 4 and Singlet Oxygen Sensor Green (SOSG) displays the formation of singlet oxygen inside the cells and also in the buffer medium upon light irradiation. DNA (pUC19) photocleavage experiments using ROS scavengers/stabilizers reveal photoinduced generation of singlet oxygen by a type-II process and of the superoxide anion radical by a type-I process. Complex 4 having a pendant biotin moiety as a cancer cell targeting group shows high photocytotoxicity with a remarkable phototherapeutic index (PI) value of >1400 in HeLa cancer cells with a low light dose activation (400-700 nm, 2.2 J cm-2). The complexes display reduced activity in noncancerous HPL1D cells. The emission property of the complexes is used for cellular imaging, thus making them suitable as next-generation theranostic PDT agents. © 2021 American Chemical Society.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Inorganic Chemistry
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to American Chemical Society
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Reproduction, Development & Genetics
Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2021 11:11
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2021 11:11
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/70573

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