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Decoding Imagined Speech from EEG Using Transfer Learning

Panachakel, JT and Ganesan, RA (2021) Decoding Imagined Speech from EEG Using Transfer Learning. In: IEEE Access, 9 . pp. 135371-135383.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3116196


We present a transfer learning-based approach for decoding imagined speech from electroencephalogram (EEG). Features are extracted simultaneously from multiple EEG channels, rather than separately from individual channels. This helps in capturing the interrelationships between the cortical regions. To alleviate the problem of lack of enough data for training deep networks, sliding window-based data augmentation is performed. Mean phase coherence and magnitude-squared coherence, two popular measures used in EEG connectivity analysis, are used as features. These features are compactly arranged, exploiting their symmetry, to obtain a three dimensional 'image-like' representation. The three dimensions of this matrix correspond to the alpha, beta and gamma EEG frequency bands. A deep network with ResNet50 as the base model is used for classifying the imagined prompts. The proposed method is tested on the publicly available ASU dataset of imagined speech EEG, comprising four different types of prompts. The accuracy of decoding the imagined prompt varies from a minimum of 79.7 for vowels to a maximum of 95.5 for short-long words across the various subjects. The accuracies obtained are better than the state-of-the-art methods, and the technique is good in decoding prompts of different complexities. © 2013 IEEE.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: IEEE Access
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Authors
Keywords: Decoding; Electroencephalography; Speech, Connectivity analysis; Cortical regions; Data augmentation; Imagined speech; Learning-based approach; Magnitude squared coherences; Phase coherence; Sliding window-based; Speech imagery; Transfer learning, Brain computer interface
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Engineering
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2021 10:31
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2021 10:31
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/70469

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