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The effect of light sedation with midazolam on functional connectivity of the dorsal attention network

Wang, J and Xu, Y and Deshpande, G and Li, K and Sun, P and Liang, P (2021) The effect of light sedation with midazolam on functional connectivity of the dorsal attention network. In: Brain Sciences, 11 (8).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/BRAINSCI11081107


Altered connectivity within and between the resting-state networks (RSNs) brought about by anesthetics that induce altered consciousness remains incompletely understood. It is known that the dorsal attention network (DAN) and its anticorrelations with other RSNs have been implicated in consciousness. However, the role of DAN-related functional patterns in drug-induced sedative effects is less clear. In the current study, we investigated altered functional connectivity of the DAN during midazolam-induced light sedation. In a placebo-controlled and within-subjects experimental study, fourteen healthy volunteers received midazolam or saline with a 1-week interval. Resting-state fMRI data were acquired before and after intravenous drug administration. A multiple region of interest-driven analysis was employed to investigate connectivity within and between RSNs. It was found that functional connectivity was significantly decreased by midazolam injection in two regions located in the left inferior parietal lobule and the left middle temporal area within the DAN as compared with the saline condition. We also identified three clusters in anticorrelation between the DAN and other RSNs for the interaction effect, which included the left medial prefrontal cortex, the right superior temporal gyrus, and the right superior frontal gyrus. Connectivity between all regions and DAN was significantly decreased by midazolam injection. The sensorimotor network was minimally affected. Midazolam decreased functional connectivity of the dorsal attention network. These findings advance the understanding of the neural mechanism of sedation, and such functional patterns might have clinical implications in other medical conditions related to patients with cognitive impairment. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Brain Sciences
Publisher: MDPI
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Authors
Department/Centre: Autonomous Societies / Centres > Centre for Brain Research
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2021 08:27
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2021 08:27
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/70202

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