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Anomaly Detection on Medical Images using Autoencoder and Convolutional Neural Network

Siddalingappa, R and Kanagaraj, S (2021) Anomaly Detection on Medical Images using Autoencoder and Convolutional Neural Network. In: International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, 12 (7). pp. 148-156.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.14569/IJACSA.2021.0120717


Detection of anomalies from the medical image dataset improves prognosis by discovering new facts hidden in the data. The present study aims to discuss anomaly detection using autoencoders and convolutional neural networks. The autoencoder identifies the imbalance between normal and abnormal samples. They create learning models flexible and accurate on training data. The problem is addressed in four stages: 1) training: an autoencoder is initialized with the hyperparameters and trained on the lung cancer CT scan images, 2) test: the autoencoder reconstructs the input from the latent space representation with a slight variation from the original data, indicated by a reconstruction error as Mean Squared Error (MSE), 3) evaluate: the MSE value of the training and test dataset are compared. The MSE values of anomalous data are higher than a base threshold, detecting those as anomalies, 4) validate: the efficiency metrics such as accuracy and MSE scores are used at both training and validation phases. The dataset was further classified as benign and malignant. The accuracy reported for outlier detection and the classification task is 98 and 97.2. Thus, the proposed autoencoder-based anomaly detection could positively isolate anomalies from the CT scan images of lung cancer. © 2021. All Rights Reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications
Publisher: Science and Information Organization
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Authors
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Computational and Data Sciences
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2021 09:00
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2021 09:00
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/69954

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