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Role of interfacial energy and liquid diffusivities on pattern formation during thin-film three-phase eutectic growth

Khanna, S and Choudhury, A (2021) Role of interfacial energy and liquid diffusivities on pattern formation during thin-film three-phase eutectic growth. In: Journal of Materials Science .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-021-06434-8


In this paper, we investigate three-phase eutectic growth during thin-film directional solidification of a model symmetric ternary eutectic alloy. In contrast to two-phase eutectics that have only a single possibility, αβαβ� , as the growth pattern, during three-phase eutectic growth infinite possibilities exist. Here, we explore the possible existence of pattern selection influenced by the change in the solid�solid interfacial energies and the diffusivities. We begin the study by estimating the undercooling vs. spacing variation for the simplest possible configurations of pattern lengths 3 and 4, where phase-field simulations are utilized to quantify the influence of the solid�solid interfacial energy and the contrast in the component diffusivities. Subsequently, extended simulations consisting of multiple periods of αβδ� as well as αβδβ� are carried out for assessing the stability of the configurations to long-wavelength perturbations in spacing. Thereafter, growth competition among the simplest patterns is investigated through phase-field simulations of coupled growth of configurations of the type αβδ mαβδβ n, (m, n) being the respective number of periods. Finally, pattern selection is studied by initializing with random initial configurations and classifying the emerging patterns based on the phase sequences. The principal finding is that, while there is no strong phase selection, between the solid�solid interfacial energies and the contrast in the component diffusivities, we find the latter to strongly influence pattern morphology. Graphical Abstract:. Figure not available: see fulltext. © 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Materials Science
Publisher: Springer
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Authors
Keywords: Diffusion; Eutectics; Film growth; Interfacial energy; Morphology; Thin films, Growth competition; Influence patterns; Initial configuration; Liquid diffusivity; Phase-field simulation; Spacing variations; Ternary eutectic alloys; Three-phase eutectics, Solidification
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2021 12:41
Last Modified: 20 Nov 2021 12:41
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/69913

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