ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Searching Ternary Oxides and Chalcogenides as Positive Electrodes for Calcium Batteries

Lu, W and Wang, J and Sai Gautam, G and Canepa, P (2021) Searching Ternary Oxides and Chalcogenides as Positive Electrodes for Calcium Batteries. In: Chemistry of Materials, 33 (14). pp. 5809-5821.

[img] PDF
che_mat_33-14_5809-5821_2021.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (9MB) | Request a copy
[img] PDF
cm1c01992_si_001 (1).pdf - Published Supplemental Material
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (470kB) | Request a copy
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.1c01992


The identification of alternatives to the lithium-ion battery architecture remains a crucial priority in the diversification of energy storage technologies. Accompanied by the low reduction potential of Ca2+/Ca, -2.87 V vs standard hydrogen electrode, metal-anode-based rechargeable calcium (Ca) batteries appear competitive in terms of energy densities. However, the development of Ca batteries lacks high-energy-density intercalation cathode materials. Using first-principles methodologies, we screen a large chemical space for potential Ca-based cathode chemistries, with composition of CaiTMjZk, where TM is a first- or second-row transition metal and Z is oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium. Ten materials are selected, and their Ca intercalation properties are investigated. We identify two previously unreported promising electrode compositions: the post-spinel CaV2O4 and the layered CaNb2O4, with Ca migration barriers of �654 and �785 meV, respectively. We analyze the geometrical features of the Ca migration pathways across the 10 materials studied and provide an updated set of design rules for the identification of good ionic conductors, especially with large mobile cations. © 2021 American Chemical Society.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Chemistry of Materials
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to American Chemical Society
Keywords: Calcium; Cathodes; Energy storage; Inorganic compounds; Lithium-ion batteries; Niobium compounds; Tellurium compounds; Transition metals, Electrode composition; Energy storage technologies; Geometrical features; High energy densities; Intercalation cathodes; Intercalation properties; Reduction potential; Standard hydrogen electrodes, Vanadium compounds
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2021 09:14
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2021 09:14
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/69850

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item