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Regulation of Jun and Fos AP-1 transcription factors by JNK MAPKs signaling cascade in areca nut extract treated KB cells

Nagesh, R and Kiran Kumar, KM and Naveen Kumar, M and Patil, RH and Sharma, SC (2021) Regulation of Jun and Fos AP-1 transcription factors by JNK MAPKs signaling cascade in areca nut extract treated KB cells. In: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports, 27 .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrep.2021.101090


The edible endosperm of Areca catechu is recognized as a potent carcinogenic agent either consumed alone or in combination with tobacco. Habitual chewing of areca nut leads to orally potential malignant disorders which are highly effective in malignant transformation and thereby lead to oral carcinogenesis. Human buccal epithelial KB carcinoma cells were used as an experimental cell system to inspect the mechanistic act of aqueous extract of areca nut on biochemical status and their implications on transcriptional activation of cancer signaling cascade that could possibly trigger numerous oncogenic players and finally decides the cells fate. Extract treated cells showed reduced viability with altered balance between oxidants and antioxidants which lead to redox status and which is known to distort various biological processes within the cell system. Results of RT-PCR demonstrated decreased expression of BCl2, cell cycle regulators along with Activator Protein �1 (AP-1) components. While Bax, p16 and p21 mRNAs showed increased expression in extract treated KB cells. Likewise, the translational levels of proliferation cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), tumor suppressor p53, retinoblastoma (Rb) and cyclin dependent kinase 4 (CDK4) were decreased along with AP-1 subunits (c-Jun/c-Fos) with increased protein levels of p21 in extract treated KB cells. Further, the downstream activation and regulation of AP-1 transcription factors could be through stress activated c-Jun � N terminal Kinase (JNK) Mitogen Activated Protein Kinases (MAPKs) which downregulated both Jun and Fos mRNA transcripts in areca nut extract exposed KB cells. Thus, outcome of the study provides insights into mechanistic path of pathogenesis of areca related disorders. Further, it could aid in designing new therapeutic modalities that specific targets these oncogenic players and help in disease management. © 2021

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Authors
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Reproduction, Development & Genetics
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2021 09:33
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2021 09:33
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/69779

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