ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Fabrication of porous 1D WO3 NRs and WO3/BiVO4 hetero junction photoanode for efficient photoelectrochemical water splitting

Madhavi, V and Kondaiah, P and Shaik, H and Kumar, KN and Kumar Naik, TSS and Rao, GM and Ramamurthy, PC (2021) Fabrication of porous 1D WO3 NRs and WO3/BiVO4 hetero junction photoanode for efficient photoelectrochemical water splitting. In: Materials Chemistry and Physics, 274 .

[img] PDF
mat_che_phy_274_2021.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (13MB) | Request a copy
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2021.125095


Porous columnar nanostructured photoelectrodes may significantly affect the photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting efficiency. The glancing angle deposition (GLAD) technique is the most popular method to fabricate columnar nanostructured thin films. Here, we have fabricated vertically aligned porous 1D tungsten oxide nano-rod (1D WO3 NRs) thin �lms by DC magnetron sputtering method using glancing angle deposition with a constant rotation speed of 5 rpm. The depositions carried out at various deposition angles of α = 0°, 60°, 70°, 75°, 80°, and 85°. The deposited 1D WO3 NRs adopted a monoclinic structure oriented in the (002) crystalline plane perpendicular to the FTO substrate. Using systematic deposition conditions, the porous columnar 1D WO3 NRs were engineered to find the effect on the photoelectrochemical water splitting. Photocurrent density of the 1D WO3 NRs photoanodes was tested in near-neutral pH (0.5 M Na2SO4) electrolyte solutions. Under the optimum conditions, the 1D WO3NRs photoanode led to the premier photocurrent density of 1.04 mA/cm2 (1 V vs. Ag/AgCl) due to the optimum surface porosity in the 1D WO3 NRs. The individual layer of BiVO4 photoanode exhibited a photocurrent density of 1.24 mA/cm2 (1V vs. Ag/AgCl). Highest photocurrent density of 2.24 mA/cm2 with high photo-stability was observed in optimized heterostructure of 1D WO3 NRs/BiVO4 photoanode. © 2021 Elsevier B.V.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Materials Chemistry and Physics
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier Ltd
Keywords: Bismuth compounds; Electrolytes; Fabrication; Nanorods; Oxide films; Photocurrents; Photoelectrochemical cells; Sodium sulfate; Sputtering; Tungsten compounds, 1d WO3 NR photoanode; Ag/AgCl; BiVO4 photoanode; Glancing angle deposition sputtering; Photo-anodes; Photocurrent density; Photoelectrochemical cell; Photoelectrochemical water splitting; Surface porosity; WO3/BiVO4 hetero-structure photoanode, Porosity
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Instrumentation Appiled Physics
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2021 07:55
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2021 07:55
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/69718

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item