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Characterization of G4 DNA formation in mitochondrial DNA and their potential role in mitochondrial genome instability

Dahal, S and Siddiqua, H and Katapadi, VK and Iyer, D and Raghavan, SC (2021) Characterization of G4 DNA formation in mitochondrial DNA and their potential role in mitochondrial genome instability. In: FEBS Journal .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/febs.16113


Mitochondria possess their own genome which can be replicated independently of nuclear DNA. Mitochondria being the powerhouse of the cell produce reactive oxygen species, due to which the mitochondrial genome is frequently exposed to oxidative damage. Previous studies have demonstrated an association of mitochondrial deletions to aging and human disorders. Many of these deletions were present adjacent to non-B DNA structures. Thus, we investigate noncanonical structures associated with instability in mitochondrial genome. In silico studies revealed the presence of > 100 G-quadruplex motifs (of which 5 have the potential to form 3-plate G4 DNA), 23 inverted repeats, and 3 mirror repeats in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Further analysis revealed that among the deletion breakpoints from patients with mitochondrial disorders, majority are located at G4 DNA motifs. Interestingly, ~ 50 of the deletions were at base-pair positions 8271�8281, ~ 35 were due to deletion at 12362�12384, and ~ 12 due to deletion at 15516�15545. Formation of 3-plate G-quadruplex DNA structures at mitochondrial fragile regions was characterized using electromobility shift assay, circular dichroism (CD), and Taq polymerase stop assay. All 5 regions could fold into both intramolecular and intermolecular G-quadruplex structures in a KCl-dependent manner. G4 DNA formation was in parallel orientation, which was abolished in the presence of LiCl. The formation of G4 DNA affected both replication and transcription. Finally, immunolocalization of BG4 with MitoTracker confirmed the formation of G-quadruplex in mitochondrial genome. Thus, we characterize the formation of 5 different G-quadruplex structures in human mitochondrial region, which may contribute toward formation of mitochondrial deletions. © 2021 Federation of European Biochemical Societies

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: FEBS Journal
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2021 09:58
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2021 09:58
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/69696

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