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Quantum phases of spin-1 system on 3/4 and 3/5 skewed ladders

Das, S and Dey, D and Ramasesha, S and Kumar, M (2021) Quantum phases of spin-1 system on 3/4 and 3/5 skewed ladders. In: Journal of Applied Physics, 129 (22).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0048811


We study the quantum phase transitions of frustrated antiferromagnetic Heisenberg spin-1 systems on the 3/4 and 3/5 skewed two leg ladder geometries. These systems can be viewed as arising by periodically removing rung bonds from a zigzag ladder. We find that in large systems, the ground state (gs) of the 3/4 ladder switches from a singlet to a magnetic state for J1�1.82; the gs spin corresponds to the ferromagnetic alignment of effective S=2 objects on each unit cell. The gs of antiferromagnetic exchange Heisenberg spin-1 system on a 3/5 skewed ladder is highly frustrated and has spiral spin arrangements. The amplitude of the spin density wave in the 3/5 ladder is significantly larger compared to that in the magnetic state of the 3/4 ladder. The gs of the system switches between singlet state and low spin magnetic states multiple times on tuning J1 in a finite size system. The switching pattern is nonmonotonic as a function of J1 and depends on the system size. It appears to be the consequence of a higher J1 favoring a higher spin magnetic state and the finite system favoring a standing spin wave. For some specific parameter values, the magnetic gs in the 3/5 system is doubly degenerate in two different mirror symmetry subspaces. This degeneracy leads to spontaneous spin-parity and mirror symmetry breaking, giving rise to spin current in the gs of the system. © 2021 Author(s).

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Applied Physics
Publisher: American Institute of Physics Inc.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Authors
Keywords: Antiferromagnetics; Heisenberg spins; Large system; Magnetic state; Quantum phase transitions; Quantum phasis
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2021 07:45
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2021 07:45
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/69487

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