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Design of Curved Annular Diffusers

Kuchana, V and Balakrishnan, N and Srinivasan, B (2020) Design of Curved Annular Diffusers. In: Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 142 (4).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4046233


Influence of curvature distribution and area-ratio (AR) distribution on the pressure fields within the curved annular diffuser are discussed. General guidelines for end-wall contouring to control the pressure gradients on the diffuser walls are evolved and further demonstrated through computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations. Also, detailed guidelines for controlling the adverse pressure gradients (APG) on duct walls are presented. A geometry generation methodology (GGM) which enables both design and evaluation of curved annular diffusers based on the guidelines evolved is presented. The approach presented deals with the sensitivity of the duct performance parameters to duct wall modifications. In that sense, the work per se is not a description of an automated optimization process, but rather about the physical principles that can guide such an optimization. An aggressive diffuser design space is identified with ducts of maximum slope of 50 deg and maximum divergence angle between the outer and inner walls of 10 deg for length to inlet height ratio ranging from 1.25 to 2.5. Part of the identified design space for which the flow separation can be eliminated based on the guidelines evolved is demarcated. The need for flow control, possibly passive, is established for more aggressive designs. © 2020 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power
Publisher: American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
Keywords: Computational fluid dynamics; Flow separation; Pressure gradient, Adverse pressure gradient; Aggressive designs; Automated optimization; Computational fluid dynamics simulations; Curvature distributions; Design and evaluations; Performance parameters; Physical principles, Ducts
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering(Formerly Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2021 09:58
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2021 09:58
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/69285

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