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Computational mechanisms mediating inhibitory control of coordinated eye-hand movements

Jana, S and Gopal, A and Murthy, A (2021) Computational mechanisms mediating inhibitory control of coordinated eye-hand movements. In: Brain Sciences, 11 (5).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11050607


Significant progress has been made in understanding the computational and neural mechanisms that mediate eye and hand movements made in isolation. However, less is known about the mechanisms that control these movements when they are coordinated. Here, we outline our computational approaches using accumulation-to-threshold and race-to-threshold models to eluci-date the mechanisms that initiate and inhibit these movements. We suggest that, depending on the behavioral context, the initiation and inhibition of coordinated eye-hand movements can operate in two modes�coupled and decoupled. The coupled mode operates when the task context requires a tight coupling between the effectors; a common command initiates both effectors, and a unitary inhibitory process is responsible for stopping them. Conversely, the decoupled mode operates when the task context demands weaker coupling between the effectors; separate commands initiate the eye and hand, and separate inhibitory processes are responsible for stopping them. We hypothesize that the higher-order control processes assess the behavioral context and choose the most appropriate mode. This computational mechanism can explain the heterogeneous results observed across many studies that have investigated the control of coordinated eye-hand movements and may also serve as a general framework to understand the control of complex multi-effector movements. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Brain Sciences
Publisher: MDPI AG
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Authors
Keywords: hand movement; race; reaction time; review
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Neuroscience
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2021 10:14
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2021 10:14
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/69260

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