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Inferring metal binding sites in flexible regions of proteins

Garg, A and Pal, D (2021) Inferring metal binding sites in flexible regions of proteins. In: Proteins: Structure, Function and Bioinformatics .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/prot.26085


Metal ions are central to the molecular function of many proteins. Thus their knowledge in experimentally determined structure is important; however, such structures often lose bound metal ions during sample preparation. Identification of these metal-binding site(s) becomes difficult when the receptor is novel and/or their conformations differ in the bound/unbound states. Locating such sites in theoretical models also poses a challenge due to the uncertainties with side-chain modeling. We address the problem by employing the Geometric Hashing algorithm to create a template library of functionally important binding sites and match query structures with the available templates. The matching is done on the structure ensemble obtained from coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulation, where metal-specific amino acids are screened to infer the true site. Test on 1347 non-redundant monomer protein structures show that Ca2+, Zn2+, Mg2+, Cu2+, and Fe3+ binding site residues can be classified at 0.92, 0.95, 0.80, 0.90, and 0.92 aggregate performance (out of 1) across all possible thresholds. The performance for Ca2+ and Zn2+ is notably superior in comparison to state-of-the-art methods like IonCom and MIB. Specific case studies show that additionally predicted metal-binding site residues in proteins have features necessary for ion binding. These include new sites not predicted by other methods. The use of coarse-grained dynamics thus provides a generalized approach to improve metal-binding site prediction. The work is expected to contribute to improving our ability to correctly predict protein molecular function where knowledge of metal binding is a key requirement. © 2021 Wiley Periodicals LLC.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Proteins: Structure, Function and Bioinformatics
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Inc
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons Inc
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Computational and Data Sciences
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2021 07:36
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2021 07:36
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/69127

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