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An asymptotic theory for the high-Reynolds-number flow past a shear-free circular cylinder

Kumar, A and Rehman, NMA and Giri, P and Shukla, RK (2021) An asymptotic theory for the high-Reynolds-number flow past a shear-free circular cylinder. In: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 920 .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2021.446


We present an asymptotic theory for analytical characterization of the high-Reynolds-number incompressible flow of a Newtonian fluid past a shear-free circular cylinder. The viscosity-induced modifications to this flow are localized and except in the neighbourhood of the rear stagnation point, behave like a linear perturbation of the inviscid flow. Our theory gives a highly accurate description of these modifications by including the contribution from the most significant viscous term in a correctional perturbation expansion about an inviscid base state. We derive the boundary layer equation for the flow and deduce a similarity transformation that leads to a set of infinite, shear-free-condition-incompatible, self-similar solutions. By suitably combining members from this set, we construct an all-boundary-condition-compatible solution to the boundary layer equation. We derive the governing equation for vorticity transport through the narrow wake region and determine its closed-form solution. The near and far-field forms of our wake solution are desirably consistent with the boundary layer solution and the well-known, self-similar planar wake solution, respectively. We analyse the flow in the rear stagnation region by formulating an elliptic partial integro-differential equation for the distortion streamfunction that specifically accounts for the fully nonlinear and inviscid dynamics of the viscous correctional terms. The drag force and its atypical logarithmic dependence on Reynolds number, deduced from our matched asymptotic analysis, are in remarkable agreement with the high-resolution simulation results. The logarithmic dependence gives rise to a critical Reynolds number below which the viscous correction term, counterintuitively, reduces the net dissipation in the flow field. © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Cambridge University Press.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Fluid Mechanics
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Authors
Keywords: Asymptotic analysis; Boundary conditions; Boundary layers; Circular cylinders; Drag; Incompressible flow; Integrodifferential equations; Newtonian liquids; Nonlinear equations; Reynolds equation; Reynolds number; Wakes, Analytical characterization; Boundary layer equations; Boundary-layer solution; Critical Reynolds number; High resolution simulations; High Reynolds number flows; Partial integro-differential equations; Similarity transformation, Shear flow
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2021 07:30
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2021 07:30
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/69036

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