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June-July temperature reconstruction of Kashmir Valley from tree rings of Himalayan Pindrow fir

Malik, R and Sukumar, R (2021) June-July temperature reconstruction of Kashmir Valley from tree rings of Himalayan Pindrow fir. In: Atmosphere, 12 (3).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12030410


The Himalaya is one of the major mountain ecosystems that is most likely to be impacted by climate change. The main drawback in understanding climate change in the remote Himalayan ecosystems is the lack of long-term instrumental climate records. Reconstructing past climates from tree-rings offers a useful proxy for adding data to the instrumental climate records. In this study, climatically sensitive tree-rings of Himalayan fir (Abies pindrow) were used for reconstruction of mean June-July temperatures of Kashmir valley. Total ring-width chronology was built from 60 tree-ring cores growing near the higher altitudinal limits of the species. The radial growth showed a strong positive response to growing season temperature. The strong response of site chronology to mean June-July temperatures was used for reconstruction purposes. Mean June-July temperatures of Kashmir valley were reconstructed since 1773 from residual site chronology. Though the reconstruction did not show any strong long-term trend, on a centennial-scale, 20th-century summers were the warmest with a mean annual summer temperature of 22.99 °C. Seven of the warmest years and five of the warmest decades were seen in the 20th century. The reconstruction for 1773-2012 showed 23 extreme hot summers above the hot threshold of a 23.47 °C mean temperature and 19 extreme cold years below the cold threshold of a 22.46 °C mean summer temperature. The cold years in the reconstruction did not coincide with known volcanic eruptions. This reconstruction will help in providing a better understanding of regional climate change. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Atmosphere
Publisher: MDPI AG
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Authors
Keywords: Ecosystems; Forestry; Trees (mathematics); Volcanoes, Climate record; Growing season; Long-term trend; Mountain ecosystems; Regional climate changes; Summer temperature; Temperature reconstruction; Volcanic eruptions, Climate change, climate change; dendroclimatology; extreme event; paleotemperature; proxy climate record; reconstruction; regional climate; tree ring; trend analysis; warming, Himalayas; India; Jammu and Kashmir; Kashmir Valley, Abies pindrow
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Divecha Centre for Climate Change
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2021 10:00
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2021 10:00
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/68811

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