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Development of Cryogenic Extrusion Techniques and Modelling of a Twin Screw Extruder: A Review

Ravikumar, PS and Arumugam, SK and Gangradey, R and Mukherjee, S and Srinivasan, K and Sadasivan, S and Gupta, V and Aggarwal, MC (2021) Development of Cryogenic Extrusion Techniques and Modelling of a Twin Screw Extruder: A Review. In: Journal of Fusion Energy, 40 (1).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10894-021-00297-2


A fusion reactor must be fueled by solid pellet injection at the high field side to ensure uniform fuelling and meet the fuel cycle requirements. A reliable extrusion system must be developed to solidify and extrude the fuel in the form of a fine filament. Over the past few decades, various extrusion systems such as in-situ, piston-cylinder, single screw, twin screw extrusion were developed to progress into achieving the extrusion rate specified by ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor). Among these techniques, twin screw extruder promises to be reliable due to its continuous operation and stable throughput. This review article has twin objectives. First, it seeks to provide an overview of developments carried out so far for the cryogenic extruders like conceptualization, prototype development and performance. The numerical modelling of cryogenic extruders is at infant stage. Therefore, the second objective of this paper is to review various numerical models from polymer extrusion research and explain the need to adopt those models to arrive at the more optimal design of an extruder. In addition, the thermo-physical properties of hydrogenic fuels are reviewed, which is very important for developing numerical models. Also, this paper brings out the critical gaps that exist in the CFD modelling of a twin screw extruder. The present review work would be of great importance to the scientific community working toward plasma fueling. © 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Fusion Energy
Publisher: Springer
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Springer
Keywords: Cryogenics; Experimental reactors; Extruders; Extrusion; Fueling; Hydrogen fuels; Tokamak devices, Continuous operation; Extrusion techniques; International thermonuclear experimental reactor; Prototype development; Scientific community; Thermo-physical property; Twin screw extruders; Twin screw extrusion, Numerical models
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Cryogenic Technology
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2021 08:11
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2021 08:11
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/68784

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