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Trident: Efficient 4PC Framework for Privacy Preserving Machine Learning

Chaudhari, Harsh and Rachuri, Rahul and Suresh, Ajith (2020) Trident: Efficient 4PC Framework for Privacy Preserving Machine Learning. In: The 26th Annual Network and Distributed System Security Symposium (NDSS) 2020.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.14722/ndss.2020.23005


Machine learning has started to be deployed in fields such as healthcare and finance, which involves dealing with a lot of sensitive data. This propelled the need for and growth of privacy-preserving machine learning (PPML). We propose an actively secure four-party protocol (4PC), and a framework for PPML, showcasing its applications on four of the most widely-known machine learning algorithms -- Linear Regression, Logistic Regression, Neural Networks, and Convolutional Neural Networks. Our 4PC protocol tolerating at most one malicious corruption is practically efficient as compared to Gordon et al. (ASIACRYPT 2018) as the 4th party in our protocol is not active in the online phase, except input sharing and output reconstruction stages. Concretely, we reduce the online communication as compared to them by 1 ring element. We use the protocol to build an efficient mixed-world framework (Trident) to switch between the Arithmetic, Boolean, and Garbled worlds. Our framework operates in the offline-online paradigm over rings and is instantiated in an outsourced setting for machine learning, where the data is secretly shared among the servers. Also, we propose conversions especially relevant to privacy-preserving machine learning. With the privilege of having an extra honest party, we outperform the current state-of-the-art ABY3 (for three parties), in terms of both rounds as well as communication complexity. The highlights of our framework include using a minimal number of expensive circuits overall as compared to ABY3. This can be seen in our technique for truncation, which does not affect the online cost of multiplication and removes the need for any circuits in the offline phase. Our B2A conversion has an improvement of 7× in rounds and 18× in the communication complexity.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the authors.
Keywords: cryptographic protocols / Secure Computation, Privacy-preserving Machine Learning, 4PC, Mixed World Conversions, Active Security
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Computer Science & Automation
Date Deposited: 05 Jul 2021 10:15
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2021 10:15
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/68756

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