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Enrichment of magnetoelectric effect in the hexagonal BaTi1-xCoxO3 artificial type-II multiferroics by defects

Esther Rubavathi, P and Rahul, MT and Kalarikkal, N and Das Adhikary, G and Sundarakannan, B (2021) Enrichment of magnetoelectric effect in the hexagonal BaTi1-xCoxO3 artificial type-II multiferroics by defects. In: Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 529 .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2021.167927


Artificial magnetoelectric material with enrichment of magnetoelectric (ME) coupling coefficient was achieved via mixed-oxide route in cobalt substituted BaTiO3 multiferroics. The observed large ME coupling coefficient induced by spin�orbit interaction through the symmetry breaking due to the off-stoichiometry oxygen. Structural details extracted from the Rietveld refinement indicate the rapid arrival of a single hexagonal phase (P63/mmc) at the expense of the tetragonal phase (P4mm) above x = 0.03. SAED patterns evidence to the structural coexistence, morphotropic phase boundary (MPB), (P4mm + P63/mmc) in x = 0.01 and 0.03 while hexagonal phase alone in x � 0.05. Core-level XPS spectrum of Ba(3d), Ti (2p), Co (2p), O (1s) evidences the occurrence of the single oxidation state of Ba ion (Ba2+) and aliovalent of Ti (Ti4+ and Ti3+), Co (Co3+ and Co2+) and O (O2� and O1�) ions respectively. The weakening of ferroelectric loops arises from the formation of the non-ferroelectric hexagonal phase by the non-stoichiometric oxygen. For the first time, a high value of energy efficiency of 54.7 was achieved in the BaTi0.99Co0.01O3 sample. The ferromagnetism originated from the contributions of the super-exchange interaction of Co3+(octahedral)-O2�-Co3+(pentahedral) and double-exchange interaction (Co2+-O2�-Co3+) Among all the samples, an excellent magnetoelectric coupling coefficient (αME) value of 29.6 mV/cm Oe is attained in the hexagonal BaTi0.93Co0.07O3 sample. © 2021 Elsevier B.V.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier B.V.
Keywords: Barium titanate; Energy efficiency; Energy storage; Ferroelectric materials; Ferroelectricity; Magnetic properties; Rietveld refinement, Coupling coefficient; Energy storage density; Hexagonal phasis; Magnetoelectric couplings; Magnetoelectric properties; Magnetoelectrics; Multiferroics; Property; Spectral studies; Type II, Spectroscopic analysis
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2021 05:53
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2021 05:53
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/68623

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