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A combined geochemical, Nd, and stable Ca isotopic investigation of provenance, paleo-depositional setting and sub-basin connectivity of the Proterozoic Vindhyan Basin, India

Basu, P and Banerjee, A and Chakrabarti, R (2021) A combined geochemical, Nd, and stable Ca isotopic investigation of provenance, paleo-depositional setting and sub-basin connectivity of the Proterozoic Vindhyan Basin, India. In: Lithos, 388-38 .


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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2021.106059


Geochemical and isotopic investigation of Proterozoic clastic and chemical sedimentary rocks provide insights into surface conditions of the early Earth. The mid-Proterozoic Vindhyan Basin of central India, comprising ~5 km thick, mostly undeformed and unmetamorphosed clastic and chemical sediments, is one such archive which is exposed in two sub-basins, the Son Valley Vindhyan sub-basin in the east (SVV) and Chambal Valley Vindhyan sub-basin in the west (CVV). Geochemical and Nd isotopic compositions of siliciclastic sedimentary rocks from the CVV sub-basin are reported in order to understand the provenance of the Vindhyan sediments in this sub-basin and the results are compared with the provenance of the sediments exposed in the SVV sub-basin to evaluate whether the two sub-basins had shared a common provenance. Elemental ratios, such as Th/Co, La/Sc suggest that the clastic sedimentary rocks from the CVV have dominantly upper crustal silicic/felsic provenances and are broadly similar to those of equivalent stratigraphic horizons from the SVV. Initial Nd isotopic composition (εNd(t)) of the siliciclastic rocks from the Lower Vindhyans of the CVV, calculated at their respective times of deposition, suggest sediment derivation from the Banded Gneissic Complex, Berach Granitoids, 1.82 Ga continental arc granitoids of the Aravalli Range and the Hindoli Volcanics. In contrast, the εNd(t) values of the Upper Vindhyan siliciclastics suggest that the Delhi Belt granitoids were the primary source of detritus during the deposition of these sediments. Paleo-depositional environment and connectivity between the SVV and CVV sub-basins are evaluated using geochemical, radiogenic Nd, and stable Ca isotopic compositions of carbonates from both sub-basins. Non-redox sensitive REY anomalies and Y/Ho ratios of carbonates from the two sub-basins suggest deposition in an epeiric sea with limited connection to the open ocean. Neodymium isotopic compositions of the carbonate units suggest that the two sub-basins were connected during the deposition of both Lower and Upper Vindhyan sediments. Carbonates from both sub-basins record a significant shift towards more radiogenic Nd isotopic compositions around 1.6 Ga, possibly as a result of an Andean-type arc magmatism in near vicinity of the Son Valley sub-basin. The δ44/40Ca compositions of the SVV carbonates are typically lower than the CVV carbonates. This difference is likely due to greater freshwater input in the SVV sub-basin which is consistent with the existence of paleo-gradients in the Vindhyan Basin. © 2021

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Lithos
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Additional Information: The copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier B.V.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Earth Sciences
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2021 09:10
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2021 09:10
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/68174

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