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SiCxNyOzCoatings Enhance Endothelialization and Bactericidal activity and Reduce Blood Cell Activation

Bhaskar, N and Sulyaeva, V and Gatapova, E and Kaichev, V and Rogilo, D and Khomyakov, M and Kosinova, M and Basu, B (2020) SiCxNyOzCoatings Enhance Endothelialization and Bactericidal activity and Reduce Blood Cell Activation. In: ACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering, 6 (10). pp. 5571-5587.

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsbiomaterials.0c00472


For biomedical applications, a number of ceramic coatings have been investigated, but the interactions with the components of living system remain unexplored for oxycarbonitride coatings. While addressing this aspect, the present study aims to provide an understanding of the biocompatibility of novel SiCxNyOz coatings that could validate the hypothesis that such coatings may not only enhance the cell-material interaction by re-endothelialization but also can help to reduce bacterial adhesion and activation of blood cells. This work reports the physicochemical properties, hemocompatibility, endothelialization, and antibacterial properties of novel amorphous SiCxNyOz coatings deposited on commercial pure titanium (Ti) by radiofrequency (RF) magnetron sputtering at varied nitrogen (N2) flow rates. A comparison is made with diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings, which are clinically used. The surface roughness, surface wettability, nanoscale hardness, and surface energy of SiCxNyOz coatings were found to be dependent on the nitrogen (N2) flow rate. Importantly, the as-deposited SiCxNyOz coatings exhibited much better nanoscale hardness and scratch resistance than DLC coatings. Furthermore, Raman spectroscopy analysis of the SiCxNyOz coating deposited on Ti showed a change in the graphitic/disordered carbon content. Cytocompatibility and hemocompatibility properties of the as-deposited SiCxNyOz coating were evaluated using the Mus musculus lymphoid endothelial cell line (SVEC4-10) and rabbit blood in vitro. WST-1 assay analysis showed that these coatings, when compared to DLC, exhibited a better proliferation of endothelial cells, which can potentially result in improved surface endothelialization. Furthermore, qualitative and quantitative analyses of immunofluorescence images revealed a dense cellular layer of SVEC4-10 on SiCxNyOz coatings, deposited at 15 and 30 sccm nitrogen flow rates. As far as compatibility with rabbit blood is concerned, the hemolysis of the SiCxNyOz coatings was less than 4, with slightly lower values for coatings deposited without N2 flow. The SiCxNyOz coatings support less platelet adhesion and aggregation, with no signature of morphological deformation, as compared to the uncoated titanium substrate or DLC coatings. Furthermore, SiCxNyOz coatings were also found to be effectively extending the blood coagulation time for a period of 60 min. The antimicrobial study of as-deposited SiCxNyOz coatings on E. coli and S. aureus bacteria revealed the effective inhibition of bacterial proliferation after 24 h of culture. An attempt has been made to explain the cyto- A nd hemocompatibility properties with antimicrobial efficacy of coatings in terms of the variation in the coating composition and surface energy. Taken together, we conclude that SiC1.3N0.76O0.87 coating having a roughness of 17 nm and a surface free energy of 54.0 ± 0.7 mN/m can exhibit the best combination of hardness, elastic modulus, scratch resistance, cytocompatibility, hemocompatibility, and bactericidal properties. Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: ACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Additional Information: The copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society
Keywords: Adhesion; Biocompatibility; Blood; Carbon; Cell culture; Ceramic coatings; Chemical activation; Endothelial cells; Escherichia coli; Free energy; Hardness; Interfacial energy; Medical applications; Nanotechnology; Nitrogen; Physicochemical properties; Protective coatings; Scratch resistance; Silicon; Surface roughness; Titanium metallography, Antibacterial properties; Biomedical applications; Cell-material interaction; Commercial pure titanium; Diamond-like carbon coatings; Morphological deformations; Qualitative and quantitative analysis; Radio frequency magnetron sputtering, Silicon compounds
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2021 11:15
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2021 11:15
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/67361

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