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Lithium nitrate induced biochemical modifications in catla catla upon short term exposure

Jagadeep Chandra, S and Kote, NV and Sandya, S and Sharath Chandra, SP (2020) Lithium nitrate induced biochemical modifications in catla catla upon short term exposure. In: Pharmacognosy Journal, 12 (6). pp. 1705-1709.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.5530/pj.2020.12.230


Background: Alkali metals such as lithium nitrate due to its properties have found their application in industries. However, reports of acute toxicological impact of lithium nitrate on aquatic animals are largely not available in the literature. Objective: With this interest, we have assessed the impact of LiNO3 on Catla catla, a freshwater fish widely consumed. Materials and Methods: In this study, LC50 of LiNO3 was determined to be 5ppm, for 24 h. Following this, 1/10th of the LC50 levels of LiNO3 (0.5ppm) was chosen for acute investigation of 96 h. Results: The results demonstrated increase in serum aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in treated fish. Further examinations disclosed changes in antioxidant enzyme systems with remarkable changes in the serum catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) contents, with elevation in malondialdehyde (MDA). The investigation found increased glutamate levels in the brain tissue of treated groups, demonstrating tissue damage. Conclusion: The study underlines the toxicological impact of LiNO3 and role of certain potential biomarkers which determine the impact of these toxicants in aquatic environment. © 2020 Phcogj.Com. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Pharmacognosy Journal
Publisher: EManuscript Technologies
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Author
Keywords: Biological; Catla; Glutamate; Lithium; Oxidative stress
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 31 Dec 2021 04:50
Last Modified: 31 Dec 2021 04:50
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/67325

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