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Electrothermal transport induced material reconfiguration and performance degradation of CVD-grown monolayer MoS2 transistors

Ansh, A and Kumar, J and Sheoran, G and Shrivastava, M (2020) Electrothermal transport induced material reconfiguration and performance degradation of CVD-grown monolayer MoS2 transistors. In: npj 2D Materials and Applications, 4 (1).

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41699-020-00171-3


Device and material reliability of 2-dimensional materials, especially CVD-grown MoS2, has remained un-addressed since 2011 when the first TMDC transistor was reported. For its potential application in next generation electronics, it is imperative to update our understanding of mechanisms through which MoS2 transistors� performance degrades under long-term electrical stress. We report, for CVD-grown monolayer MoS2, results on temporal degradation of material and device performance under electrical stress. Both low and high field regimes of operation are explored at different temperatures, gate bias and stress cycles. During low field operation, current is found to saturate after hundreds of seconds of operation with the current decay time constant being a function of temperature and stress cycle. High field operation, especially at low temperature, leads to impact ionization assisted material and device degradation. It is found that high field operation at low temperature results in amorphization of the channel and is verified by device and kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM) analyses. In general, a prolonged room temperature operation of CVD-grown MoS2 transistors lead to degraded gate control, higher OFF state current and negative shift in threshold voltage (VT). This is further verified, through micro-Raman and photoluminescence spectroscopy, which suggest that a steady state DC electrical stress leads to the formation of localized low resistance regions in the channel and a subsequent loss of transistor characteristics. Our findings unveil unique mechanism by which CVD MoS2 undergoes material degradation under electrical stress and subsequent breakdown of transistor behavior. Such an understanding of material and device reliability helps in determining the safe operating regime from device as well as circuit perspective. © 2020, The Author(s).

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: npj 2D Materials and Applications
Publisher: Nature Research
Additional Information: The copyright of this article belongs to Nature Research
Keywords: Impact ionization; Layered semiconductors; Monolayers; Photoluminescence spectroscopy; Temperature; Threshold voltage; Transistors, Current decay time; Device degradation; Kelvin probe force microscopy; Material degradation; Material reliability; Performance degradation; Room-temperature operation; Transistor characteristics, Molybdenum compounds
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electronic Systems Engineering (Formerly Centre for Electronic Design & Technology)
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2021 04:53
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2021 04:53
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/67294

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