ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Xanthan gum based investigations into the surface chemistry of cassiterite and beneficiation of cassiterite tailings

Nambaje, C and Mweene, L and Subramanian, S and Krishnan, S and Santosh, M (2020) Xanthan gum based investigations into the surface chemistry of cassiterite and beneficiation of cassiterite tailings. In: Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy Review . (In Press)

[img] PDF
min_pro_ext_met_rev.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (7MB) | Request a copy
Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08827508.2020.1825957


The surface chemistry of cassiterite mineral and selective dispersion-flocculation-flotation studies on cassiterite tailings have been investigated using xanthan gum. Mineralogical studies indicate that quartz is the major mineral encapsulating cassiterite. The results of the adsorption, electrokinetic, co-precipitation, and Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopic studies indicate that xanthan gum adsorbs on cassiterite by both physical and chemical forces. The adsorption density of xanthan gum for cassiterite decreases with an increase in pH, whereas it does not adsorb on quartz in the pH range of 3 to 12. The Gibbs free energy of adsorption for cassiterite is determined to be �35.7 kJ/mole, indicative of chemisorption. The zeta potential of cassiterite becomes more negative and its isoelectric point is shifted to more acidic pH values, attesting to specific adsorption of xanthan gum, whereas that of quartz remains unaltered, after its addition. The Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopic investigations reveal that the adsorption of xanthan gum on cassiterite is governed by both hydrogen bonding and chemical interaction. The complexation of xanthan gum with Sn ions in the bulk solution is confirmed by dissolution and co-precipitation studies. Selective dispersion-flocculation-flotation tests on gravity tailings from Gasambya mines, Rutongo, Rwanda, demonstrate that a cleaner concentrate of 64.8 grade of Sn with 89 recovery, containing 1.9 grade of SiO2 with 1.3 recovery could be obtained, with a selectivity index of 27.4. © 2020 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy Review
Publisher: Bellwether Publishing, Ltd.
Additional Information: copyright for this article bellongs to Bellwether Publishing, Ltd.
Keywords: Adsorption; Coprecipitation; Dispersions; Flocculation; Flotation; Free energy; Gibbs free energy; Hydrogen bonds; Ostwald ripening; pH; Quartz; Spectroscopic analysis; Surface chemistry; Tin, Acidic pH values; Adsorption densities; Chemical interactions; Fourier transform infra reds; Free energy of adsorption; Iso-electric points; Selectivity index; Specific adsorption, Xanthan gum
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Earth Sciences
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2020 11:06
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2020 11:06
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/67045

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item