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Probabilistic Analysis of Radionuclide Transport for Near-Surface Disposal Facilities in Spatially Varying Soils

Geetha Manjari, K and Sivakumar Babu, GL (2021) Probabilistic Analysis of Radionuclide Transport for Near-Surface Disposal Facilities in Spatially Varying Soils. In: Journal of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste, 25 (1).

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)HZ.2153-5515.0000...


The long-term safety of radioactive waste disposal facilities is ensured by developing performance assessment models. The general requirement of these models is to assess the risk caused by failure of disposal systems that leads to radionuclide release into the geosphere and their migration toward the near-field biosphere. The radiation dose and risk due to disposal practice are the endpoints of assessment of the model. A two-dimensional radionuclide transport model with a decaying source is modeled numerically to compute the radiological impact caused by radionuclide, iodine-129 (I-129) in the biosphere. The intrinsic part of the performance assessment model requires consideration of uncertainties and variabilities in the system that are indicated by the inherent variability (heterogeneity in the geological medium), measurement, and modeling uncertainties (the geohydrological, geochemical properties of the radionuclides being released and transported). In this study, the spatial variability in the geological medium is addressed by treating the hydraulic conductivity of the medium as a random field. The probability of the radiation dose exceeding the design threshold (i.e., the probability of failure) is computed using subset simulation method. The influence of autocorrelation length and coefficient of variation of hydraulic conductivity on the probability of failure and the transport behavior of radionuclide are also studied. Thus, the results showed that a probabilistic framework that accounts for spatial variability in the geological medium is necessary for performance assessment of radioactive waste disposal facilities. © 2020 American Society of Civil Engineers.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste
Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Additional Information: The copyright of this article belongs to American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Keywords: Biospherics; Failure analysis; Geological repositories; Geology; Hydraulic conductivity; Radioactive wastes; Radioactivity; Radioisotopes; Risk assessment; Uncertainty analysis, Autocorrelation length; Coefficient of variation; Performance assessment; Performance assessment models; Probabilistic framework; Probability of failure; Radioactive waste disposal facility; Radionuclide transport, Radioactive waste disposal
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2020 10:22
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2020 10:22
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/66661

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