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Regionalization of evapotranspiration in India using fuzzy dynamic clustering approach. Part 2: Applications of regions

Masanta, SK and Srinivas, VV (2020) Regionalization of evapotranspiration in India using fuzzy dynamic clustering approach. Part 2: Applications of regions. In: International Journal of Climatology .

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/joc.6773


Accurate estimation of ET0, and determination of its trend/variability and sensitivity to changes in climate variables is essential at regional scale for different applications. These are attempted for India by considering 18 homogeneous ET0 regions formed in companion paper. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) recommends Penman�Monteith (PM) equation for ET0 estimation, which requires information on several climate variables. The equation cannot be used in data-sparse areas where information/forecasts on one or more required climate variables is unavailable/unreliable. To address this, relevance vector regression (RVR) relationships are developed in this paper for the 18 homogeneous regions to arrive at FAO-PM estimate of ET0 from subsets of its predictor climate variables, which could be typically expected in data-sparse areas. The developed relationships are shown to be better in arriving at ET0 estimates when compared to multiple linear regression (MLR) relationships and three widely used empirical equations (Hargreaves, Mcguinness�Bordne, Priestly�Taylor). Regional trend analysis revealed that ET0 is significantly decreasing (increasing) in most regions located in north (south) India. Sensitivity of ET0 and surface runoff to changes in their predictor climate variables is determined for each region by considering third-order Taylor series approximation of their functional relationships. Key climate variable(s) that govern ET0 changes in each region are identified. Results indicate that at annual scale solar radiation and relative humidity govern ET0 changes in regions located in south and north-east India, whereas wind speed followed by relative humidity mostly influence the ET0 changes over other regions. Existence of evaporation paradox in four regions and validity of Bouchet's complementary relationship between ET0, actual evapotranspiration (ETa), and precipitation in 11 regions is also established. Significant divergence in trend of ET0 and ETa was evident in north-east India. © 2020 Royal Meteorological Society

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: International Journal of Climatology
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Ltd
Additional Information: The copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons Ltd
Keywords: Agricultural robots; Evapotranspiration; Linear regression; Wind, Accurate estimation; Actual evapotranspiration; Complementary relationship; Evaporation paradoxes; Food and agriculture organizations; Functional relationship; Multiple linear regressions; Taylor series approximation, Climate change
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Interdisciplinary Centre for Water Research
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2020 06:49
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2020 06:49
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/66543

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